Lavender oil is the most widely used oil in the world which is obtained by distillation with water vapor of the part of the plant which is above ground. Lavandula angustifolia = L. officinalis = L. vera, belonging to the Lamiaceae family.
Lavender oil is a flowable, transparent, pale yellow to amber-colored liquid with a smell typical of the flowers.
It consists of highly concentrated volatile aromatic compounds and biologically active substances resembling hormones, vitamins, antibiotics and antiseptics.
The most valuable ester and essential component is linalyl acetate which, depending on the soil and climatic conditions, may vary from 30% to 60%.
The content of another important ester, linalool, ranges from 28% to 46%.
A major hydrocarbon in lavender oil is limonene /5% -7%/.
The rest of the components in the oil are in smaller amounts but are equally important for its overall quality.